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About Ukraine

UkraineUkraine gained independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since veered between seeking closer integration with Western Europe and reconciliation with Russia, which supplies most of the country's energy. Europe's second largest country, Ukraine is a land of wide, fertile agricultural plains, with large pockets of heavy industry in the east. While Ukraine and Russia share common historical origins, the west of the country has closer ties with its European neighbors, particularly Poland, and nationalist sentiment is strongest there.

Kiev (Kyiv) is one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, as well as the capital and largest city of Ukraine. Ukraine covers about 603,550 square kilometers, which makes it the largest country entirely in Europe and the second largest country in Ukrainian is the official language of Ukraine, but Russian and Crimean Tatar are recognized as regional languages. Other minority languages spoken in Ukraine are Romanian, Polish, and Hungarian. Europe after Russia.

Like Russia, Ukraine is divided into oblasts, or provinces, and one autonomous republic: Crimea. Ukraine also has two cities with a special status: Kiev and Sevastopol.


geography of UkraineThe geography of Ukraine varies greatly from one region of the country to another, with the majority of the country lying within theEast European Plain. Ukraine is the second-largest country by area in Europe after the Russian. Its various regions have diverse geographic features ranging from the highlands to the lowlands as well as climatic range and a wide variety in hydrography.


climateclimate Climate

The climate of theUkraine can be described as dry and continental influenced climate with warm, dry summers and fairly severe winters. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usuallyaround 0°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora. and summerdaytime temperaturesreach 25-30°C, but sometimes quite higher, 35°C or more, especially in the inland areas. The summer months enjoy dry weather with sunny spells most of the time, rain often falls with sometimes heavy Thunderstorms, but mostly along the coastal areas of the Black Sea. These Thunderstorms often occur at the end of the day. July is the warmest month with an average Temperature of24°C. AnnualPrecipitationis about 400-600 mm, but lower in the inland areas of the Ukraine.


ResourceResourceThe Dnieper River plays an important part in Ukrainian territorial division, with many large cities settled on its banks. Here, the capital city of Kievwhich was founded on the Dnieper's right bank but for now expanded over the river significantly.


Kiev Oblastfor instance, has a couple of "city rations," one of which is Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi. Although housing thesurrounding raion'sadministration, the city is no longer subordinate to it. Drohobych, is a city of oblast sub ordinance, subordinate to theLviv Oblastauthorities rather than to the local Drohobych Raionadministration.


AdmistrationAdmistrationA mix of modern and old buildings in Dnepropetrovsk, located in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast. Dnepropetrovsk’s metropolitan area includes cities such as DniprodzerzhynskandNovomoskovsk.

Other divisions

Beside the administrative divisions, geographical divisions are at times used for reference purposes. The division splits Ukraine into 4 to 6 geographic areas: Western,Eastern Ukraine,Southern Ukraine,Central Ukraine,Northern Ukraine(occasionally used), andSoutheastern Ukraine.

Metropolitan areas

Ukraine has five major agglomerated metropolitan areas (conurbations). These conurbation areas are not officially recognized and remain to be administered according to officialoblast-raionsystem of subdivision.

  • Kievincludes towns such asIrpin,Boryspil, andFastiv
  • Kharkiv includes towns such asChuhuiv,Merefa, and numerous other settlements
  • Donetsk includes towns such asMakiivka,Khartsyzk, and others
  • Dnipropetrovsk withDniprodzerzhynskandNovomoskovsk
  • Odessa withIllichivskandOvidiopol

State Structure

Location:Eastern Europe; Ukraine is a part of former Soviet Union or USSR, one of the NIS states ("Newly Independent States"), and member of CIS ("Commonwealth of Independent States", a subdivision of the NIS).
Neighbors:Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Russia, and Belarus
Population:approximately 46 million (down from peak of 51 million in 1980s)
Area:603,000 km2 (slightly larger than France and slightly smaller than Texas)
Capital:Kyiv (or Kiev). Kyiv is derived from Ukrainian and Kiev from Russian. While Kyiv is nowconsidered politically correct, Kiev appears in Google seven times more frequently.
Time zone:EET (UTC+2) SUMMER (DST)  EEST(UTC+3)
Literacy rate: 99.7% (2011 est.)
FLAG: Equal horizontal bands of azure blue (top) and yellow.



The official currency, introduced in early 1993, is the hryvnia (hrn), which consists of 100 shahy. $1 = hrn0.19493 (or $1 = hrn5.13) as of 2005.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES:The metric system is used.
HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1–2 January; Christmas, 7 January; Women's Day, 8 March; spring and Labor Day, 1–2 May.

Major cities official populations:

Kyiv- 2,635,300 (in fact approaching 4 mln) Kharkiv- 1,575,900, Dnipropetrovsk-1,161,200, Donetsk-1,101,800, Odesa-1,059,500, Zaporizhya-887,400, Lviv-805,900, KryvyiRih-703,000, Mykolayiv-519,000, Mariupol-490,000 , Luhansk-493,300


Ukraine, the second-largest country in Europe, is located in Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and Russia. Comparatively, Ukraine is slightly smaller than the state of Texas with a total area of 603,700 sq. km (233,090 sq. mi). Ukraine shares boundaries with Belarus on the n, Russia on the e, the Black Sea on the s, Romania, Moldova, Hungary, and Slovakia on the w, and Poland on the nw. Ukraine's location is one of strategic importance at the crossroads between Europe and Asia. Its land boundary totals 4,663 km (2,897 mi) and its coastline is 2,782 km (1,729 mi). Ukraine's capital city, Kiev, is located in the north central part of the country.


Ukraine's environmental problems include the nuclear contamination which resulted from the 1986 Chernobyl accident. One-tenth of Ukraine's land area was affected by the radiation. According to UN reports, approximately one million people were exposed to unsafe levels of radiation through the consumption of food. Approximately 3.5 million hectare (8.6 million acre) of agricultural land and 1.5 million hectare (3.7 million acre) of forest were also contaminated.


TourismTourismWe offer a range of tours in Ukraine for 2015. Our programmers are focused on Kiev, Odessa, and Lviv with three night city tours and two center tours. Kiev is the capital of Ukraine and has an ancient history as the foundation of Kievian Rus. Lviv is the capital of Western Ukraine and the government of Ukraine has recently announced “open skies” policy allowing more international low cost airlines to access this magnificent city. Odessa is a magnificent city on the Black Sea, featuring a magnificent opera house and a cafe culture, redolent of many resorts in the Mediterranean Sea.