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Russia (also the Russian Federation) is a country which is mostly in Asia and partly in Eastern Europe. It is the largest country in the world by land area. About 146 million people live in Russia. The official name for Russia in English is The Russian Federation. The capital city of Russia is Moscow
Russiashares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland(both via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan,Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has borders over water with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, and the United States by the Bering Strait.
Russia is a very large and diverse country. Its government is now based on democratic form of rule. The president is chosen in direct elections, and its current President is Vladimir Putin. The official language is Russian. Russia produces a lot of energy made from oil and natural gas.
Russia is located in the Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The territory of Russia lies between latitudes 41 degrees north and 82 degrees north, and longitudes 19 degrees east and 169 degrees west. The geography of Russia describes the geographic features of Russia, a country extending over much of northern Eurasia. Comprising much of European northern Asia, it is the world's largest country in total area. Due to its size, Russia displays both monotony and diversity. As with its topography, its climates, vegetation, and soils span vast distances.From north to south the East European Plain is clad sequentially in tundra, coniferous forest (taiga), mixed and broadleaf forests, grassland (steppe), and semi-desert (fringing the Caspian Sea) as the changes in vegetation reflect the changes in climate. Siberiasupports a similar sequence but is predominantly taiga. The country contains 40 UNESCO Biosphere reserves.
Russia is the largest country in world in the terms of territory. Its total area is 17,075,400 square kilometers or 6,601,668 square miles.
It is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the world's eighth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012.
Extending from Eastern Europe across the whole of northern Asia, Russia spans nine time zones and has a wide range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world's largest reserves of mineral and energy resources and is the largest producer of oil and natural gas in the world. Russia has the world's largest forest reserves, and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world's fresh water.
Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic. It has a president and a parliament. Russia consists of 85 federal subjects (territorial units). All subjects of the federation shall be equal. All entities are subject to the uniform federal law. Subjects of the federation have two representatives in the parliament. Subjects of the Russian Federation do not have a right to withdraw from its composition. Important issues are decided by the Federation President; lesser powers are delegated to the member republics.
The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except for the tundra and the extreme southeast. Mountains in the south obstruct the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean, while the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences.
Most of Northern European Russia and Siberia has a subarctic climate, with extremely severe winters in the inner regions of Northeast Siberia (mostly the Sakha Republic, where the Northern Pole of Cold is located with the record low temperature of −71.2 °C or −96.2 °F), and more moderate winters elsewhere. Both the strip of land along the shore of the Arctic Ocean and the Russian Arctic islandshave a polar climate.
The coastal part of Krasnodar Krai on the Black Sea, most notably in Sochi, possesses a humid subtropical climate with mild and wet winters. In many regions of East Siberia and the Far East, winter is dry compared to summer; other parts of the country experience more even precipitation across seasons. Winter precipitation in most parts of the country usually falls as snow. The region along the Lower Volga and Caspian Sea coast, as well as some areas of southernmost Siberia, possesses a semi-arid climate.
|Climate data for Russia (records)|
|Record high °C (°F)||22.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−71.2
Throughout much of the territory there are only two distinct seasons—winter and summer—as spring and autumn are usually brief periods of change between extremely low and extremely high temperatures. The coldest month is January (February on the coastline); the warmest is usually July. Great ranges of temperature are typical. In winter, temperatures get colder both from south to north and from west to east. Summers can be quite hot, even in Siberia,The continental interiors are the driest area
Political System: Federal Republic
Head of State: The President
Head of Government: The Prime Minister
Legislature: Bicameral Parliament (State Duma and Federation Council)
National Symbols: Flag and Emblem
Administrative Divisions: The Russian Federation consists of 89 equal subjects, including 22 republics, 50 regions, 10 districts, 6 territories and 2 federal cities - Moscow and St. Petersburg, one autonomous oblast and 10 autonomous counties. The entire territory is divided into 7 federal districts.
Area: 17 098.242 thousand square kilometers
Population: About 143.800 million people.
Official language: Russian
Religion: Christianity (Orthodox)
Monetary Unit: Ruble
Currency: 1 Russian Ruble = 1.1602 Indian Rupees
Time Zone: Moscow (UTC+3:00)
Sports:Football, Wrestling, Ice Hockey , Bandy, Figure Skating ,Rugby,Foot Ball, and Swimming are some of the most popular sports in the country.
Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Omsk, Chelyabinsk, Kazan, Perm, Ufa
Tourism in Russia has seen rapid growth since the late Soviet times, first inner tourism and then international tourism as well. Rich cultural heritage and great natural variety place Russia among the most popular tourist destinations in the world. The country contains 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, while many more are on UNESCO's tentative lists.